Could Jesus Christ have sinned?
However, theologians have discussed it at length. In technical terms, faultlessness is the teaching that Christ could not sin, though he could be (and was) tempted.
Believers generally agree that:
Jesus never sinned, but he was tempted.
For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin (Heb. 4:15 NASB).
Any temptations he faced were directed at His human nature, rather than His divine nature.
Let no one say when he is tempted, ‘I am being tempted by God’; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt any one (James 1:13 NASB).
Some theologians, have argued that Christ could have sinned. Their main argument is that temptation is not real unless there is a possibility of yielding to it.
Others (with whom I agree) make the following case for the idea that Jesus could not have sinned.
Christ’s divine attributes would make it impossible for him to sin:
Immutability - His basic nature never changes. He was holy in eternity past, and He would remain holy now.
Hebrews 6:17-18 New Living Translation (NLT)
God also bound himself with an oath, so that those who received the promise could be perfectly sure that he would never change his mind. So God has given both his promise and his oath. These two things are unchangeable because it is impossible for God to lie. Therefore, we who have fled to him for refuge can have great confidence as we hold to the hope that lies before us.
Omnipotence- Falling to temptation shows moral weakness or lack of power and ability. Christ had infinite power, and was therefore not susceptible to sin.
Colossians 1:6 “For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible,whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—
all things were created through him and for him.”
Omniscience - Satan tempts us by attempting to deceive us. Jesus had infinite knowledge, so he could not be deceived.
Hebrews 4:13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.